Clean and Renewable Energy
Figure 1 Solar energy Figure 2 Geothermal energy
As outlined in Executive Order (EO) 13693, Planning for Federal Sustainability in the Next Decade, the goal of clean and renewable energy is to promote building energy conservation, efficiency, and management by the following:
- Ensuring the total amount of building electric and thermal energy be ‘clean’ energy (accounted for by renewable electric and alternative energy).
- Installing agency-funded renewable energy on site at Federal facilities and retaining corresponding renewable energy certificates (RECs).
- Contracting for the purchase of energy that includes the installation of renewable energy on and off site.
- Purchasing electricity and corresponding RECs.
- Installing thermal renewable energy on site at Federal facilities.
- Installing combined heat and power processes on site.
- Installing fuel cell energy systems.
- Utilizing energy from small modular nuclear reactor technologies.
- Utilizing energy from a new project that includes the active capture and storage of carbon dioxide emissions associated with energy generation.
- Evaluating and implementing alternative energy approaches.
To demonstrate progress in clean and renewable energy goals and overall sustainability, NIH publishes an annual Sustainability Implementation Plan (SIP) and reports progress to their parent government agency, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). HHS adheres to the requirements in Section 14 of EO 13693 and publishes an annual Strategic Sustainability Performance Plan to demonstrate overall agency progress.
Why Clean and Renewable Energy?
A clean energy revolution is taking place nationwide, underscored by the steady expansion of the U.S. renewable energy sector. The clean energy industry is expected to continue to grow rapidly in the coming years. There is tremendous economic opportunity for countries that invent, manufacture and export clean energy technologies. Responsible development of all of the rich energy resources across USA, including solar, wind, geothermal, bioenergy and water -- is an important part of President Obama’s Climate Action Plan and will help ensure America’s continued leadership in clean energy. Moving forward, the federal government will continue to drive strategic investments in the transition to a cleaner, domestic and more secure energy future.
All federal agencies, must ensure that at a minimum, a specified percentage of the total amount of building electric energy and thermal energy shall be clean energy, accounted for by renewable electric energy and alternative energy sources. There is a preference for renewable energy to be generated on site, and in addition, energy can be purchased from renewable sources.
Clean Energy Goal
E.O. 13693 3(b) requires that, at a minimum, the percentage of an agency's total electric and thermal energy accounted for by renewable and alternative energy shall be not less than: 10 % in FY 2016-17; 13 % in FY 2018-19; 16 % in FY 2020-21; 20 % in FY 2022-23; and 25 % by FY 2025.
Renewable Energy Percentage of Total Electricity Usage
E.O. 13514 required NIH to increase use of renewable energy. Further, the Energy Policy Act of 2005 requires an increase in renewable energy use such that 7.5 percent of total electricity consumption is generated by renewable energy sources for FY 2014 and beyond. E.O. 13693 increases the goal and requires that renewable energy account for not less than 10 % of total electric energy consumed by an agency in FY 2016-17; 15 % in FY 2018-19; 20 % in FY 2020-21; 25 % in FY 2022-23; and 30 % by 2025. NIH met the FY 2015 goal with an actual renewable electricity percentage of 11.5%.
Click here to view more information on how the NIH is conserving energy.
Click here to view the 2019 NIH Sustainability Implementation Plan.
Click here to view the NIH Sustainability Goal PoC list.